报告人：Dr. Futoshi Tanaka
报告题目：Effects of a transverse external wind on natural ventilation during fires in shallow urban road tunnels with roof openings
Fire experiments using a 1:12 scale model tunnel were conducted to evaluate effects of a transverse external wind on the performance of roof openings in a shallow urban road tunnel under fire conditions. A particular focus was placed on clarifying the characteristics of the spread of smoke in the tunnel under the condition of a transverse external wind blowing above the roof openings. Two types of median barriers, pillars and walls, were examined as dividing structures in the model tunnel, and the heat release rate was selected as the experimental parameter. The following conclusions were obtained. Compared to conditions with no external transverse wind, in the model tunnel with the pillar median structure, the smoke spreading distance was shortened when the transverse external wind was in the positive direction, and the distance remained the same when the wind was in the negative direction; in the model tunnel with the wall median structure, the smoke spreading distance was shortened when the wind was in the positive direction. Furthermore, the smoke spreading distance in each case was constant and independent of the heat release rate of the fire under the scope of the experimental conditions used in this study.
Keywords: Transverse external wind, Road tunnel with roof openings, Natural ventilation, Tunnel fire, Smoke spreading distance, Model experiment, Median structure.